South East Asia
SE Asia tanker hijacks rose in 2014 despite global drop in sea piracy, IMB report reveals
Attacks against small tankers off South East Asia’s coasts caused a rise in global ship hijackings, up to 21 in 2014 from 12 in 2013, despite piracy at sea falling to its lowest level in eight years, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) International Maritime Bureau (IMB) has revealed. Pirates took 442 crewmembers hostage, compared with 304 in 2013.
IMB’s annual piracy report shows 245 incidents were recorded worldwide in 2014 - a 44% drop since Somali piracy peaked in 2011. Somali pirates were responsible for 11 attacks, all of which were thwarted. However, IMB warns shipmasters to follow the industry’s Best Management Practices, as the threat of Somali piracy has not been eliminated.
Worldwide, 21 vessels were hijacked last year, 183 were boarded, and 13 fired upon. Pirates killed four crewmembers, injured 13 and kidnapped nine from their vessels.
"The global increase in hijackings is due to a rise in attacks against coastal tankers in South East Asia," said Pottengal Mukundan, Director of IMB whose Piracy Reporting Centre has monitored world piracy since 1991. "Gangs of armed thieves have attacked small tankers in the region for their cargoes, many looking specifically for marine diesel and gas oil to steal and then sell."
Citing the death of one crewmember shot on his bitumen tanker in December, the IMB report highlights the possibility of the hijackings becoming increasingly violent. Most of the 124 attacks in the region were aimed at low-level theft from vessels using guns and long knives.
IMB commends the Indonesian Marine Police’s efforts to stem the increase in attacks in identified port hotspots. Outside port limits, pirates are particularly active in the waters around Pulau Bintan and the South China Sea, where 11 vessels were hijacked in 2014. Actions taken by the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, the Indonesian authorities and other maritime forces of regional coastal states have played a key role in responding to these attacks.
"It is important that these gangs are caught and punished under law, before the attacks become more audacious and violent," said Mr Mukundan.
West Africa's oil thieves
In West Africa, 41 incidents were reported, although IMB says many further attacks went unreported. Five vessels were hijacked, including three tankers, one supply and a fishing vessel. Hijackings of product tankers appeared to subside in the last quarter of 2014, with the last reported case at the end of July 2014.
Of the 18 attacks off Nigeria, 14 involved tankers and vessels associated with the oil industry. Most were product tankers, hijacked to steal and tranship their cargo into smaller tankers. Earlier in the year the waters South and West of the Brass Terminal saw a particularly concerning spate of attacks.
One Nigerian attack, among the report’s long list of piracy incidents, reads: "Two armed pirates boarded the tanker. As the crew retreated into the citadel, the on-board-armed team fired at the pirates. Most of the crew including the guards managed to retreat into the citadel. … When the guards and crew emerged from the citadel they found the C/E killed and the 3/O injured."
In and around Ghanaian waters, in June and July three vessels were hijacked, one of which was a fishing vessel intended to be used as a platform to hijack tankers off Nigeria. Seven vessels were also boarded while anchored at Pointe-Noire, Republic of the Congo, with ship and crew properties targeted by the robbers.
Bangladesh reported 21 incidents in 2014, up from 12 in 2013. Seventeen anchored and three vessels underway were boarded and one attempted attack on a vessel. The majority of incidents were low level thefts from vessels, although in one report three crew were taken hostage and two crew injured in two separate incidents. The Bangladesh Coast Guard helped respond to many calls of assistance from ship masters.
Source: International Maritime Bureau
Malacca Strait rampant with pirates
Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu has emphasized the importance of securing the Malacca Strait not only from illegal fishing but also from crime and environmental damage.
“I will meet the Defense Ministers from Singapore and Malaysia to discuss the security situation in the Malacca strait,” Ryamizard said after attending a defense ministry executive meeting in Jakarta recently.
The Malacca Strait is a maritime area that borders four states; Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. The strait connects three major oceans: the South China Sea in the North with the Indian Ocean in the South along with the Pacific Ocean to the East.
Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand are still involved in joint sea and air patrols along in the Malacca area.
According to Ryamizard, there are several actual issues related to the strait that should be addressed immediately.
“We don’t want the [currently low security presence] in the Malacca strait to invite more pirates and as it is Indonesia has become the country that is expected to clean the strait of oil spills,” the minister said.
A centre focusing on piracy and armed robbery, Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP), reported that there have been 129 sea attacks reported so far from January to September 2014, predominantly in Indonesia, the South China Sea, the Strait of Malacca and Strait of Singapore.
Of the total attacks, 117 were actual attacks and 12 others were attempted attacks.
The centre said that the number of incidents has surpassed the 99 attacks in the same period in 2013. However, the centre did not give any specific data on the crime cases in the Malacca strait alone.
The Indonesian Navy acknowledged the existence of criminals in the Malacca Strait. Even though the number was not high, it was still a serious problem for the strait’s security.
“The most common crime is ship robbery. The criminals attack small speed boats or fishing vessels and rob them on the spot,” Navy spokesman, Commodore Manahan Simorangkir, told The Jakarta Post recently.
He said that the Navy was trying to secure the area, with assistance from neighbouring countries like Malaysia and Singapore.
Last week, the Indonesian Navy apprehended six pirates involved in a sea piracy network operating in the straits of Malacca and Singapore. The perpetrators, who were residents of Terong Island, Riau Islands province, had robbed three ships passing through the straits. The Navy confiscated 0.5 kilograms of marijuana, 104 small packages of marijuana and a package of crystal methamphetamine from the suspects.
It was also reported that the Malacca strait was a favourite route for illegal migrants. A recent report from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) revealed that hundreds of Rohingya people had chosen the Malacca Strait as their new route to reach Australia for safety.
Source: The Jakarta Post